Category Archives: Error

[Solved] Elasticsearch Startup Error: node validation exception

I played with the elasticsearch 5.3.0 binary environment today and found that it failed to start the es service, so I checked the logs in the logs/ directory of the deployment directory and found the following error:

#View the log, the log path is generally under the deployment directory logs/
cat . /logs/elasticsearch.log

#Error log
[ 2022-05-30T09 : 43 : 27,255 ] [ ERROR ][ oebBootstrap ][PBelckP] node validation exception
bootstrap checks failed
max file descriptors [ 65535 ] for elasticsearch process is too low, increase to at least [ 65536 ]
memory locking requested for elasticsearch process but memory is not locked
max virtual memory areas vm.max_map_count [ 65530 ] is too low, increase to at least [ 262144 ]
From the reported error, it is found that the node verification is abnormal, and the bootstrap check fails.

So I went to Google  and found that some kernel configuration parameters need to be adjusted. The following will explain the solutions one by one.

 

ūüďĆQuestion¬†1:¬†max file descriptors [65535] for elasticsearch process is too low, increase to at least [65536]

ūüí°Cause¬†:¬†The maximum file descriptor [65535] of the es process is too low.

ūüď£Solution¬†:¬†Switch to the root user, edit the limits.conf file, and add the following: (soft nproc and hard nproc can also be set to 65536).

vim /etc/security/limits.conf

root soft nofile 65535 
root hard nofile 65535
# Add the following:
*soft nofile 65536 
*hard nofile 65536
Explanation of several key parameters:

* soft nofile 65536
* hard nofile 65536
* soft nproc 2048
* hard nproc 4096

‚φ soft nproc: the maximum number of open file descriptors (soft limit)

‚Ď° hard nproc: the maximum number of open file descriptors (hard limit)

‚ĎĘ soft nofile: the maximum number of processes available to a single user (soft limit)

‚Ď£ hard nofile: the maximum number of processes available to a single user (hard limit)

Note : * represents all user names in Linux

Save, log out, and log in again to take effect

 

ūüďĆQuestion¬†2:¬†memory locking requested for elasticsearch process but memory is not locked

ūüí°Cause¬†:¬†The es process requested a memory lock, but failed to lock the memory.

ūüď£Solution¬†:¬†Switch to the root user, edit the limits.conf configuration file, and add something like the following:

vim /etc/security/limits.conf

# Add the following:
* soft memlock unlimited
 * hard memlock unlimited

 

ūüďĆQuestion¬†3:¬†max virtual memory areas vm.max_map_count [65530] is too low, increase to at least [262144]

ūüí°Cause¬†:¬†es max virtual memory is too low.

ūüď£Solution¬†:¬†Switch to the root user and modify the configuration file sysctl.conf.

vim /etc/sysctl.conf

# Add the following configuration:
vm.max_map_count = 655360

#Save and exit, and execute the command:
sysctl -p

[Solved] java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot get a STRING value from a NUMERIC cell

The error is as follows:

Exception in thread " main " java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot get a STRING value from a NUMERIC cell
 at org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFCell.typeMismatch(XSSFCell.java: 1050 )
 at org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFCell.getRichStringCellValue(XSSFCell.java: 404 )
 at org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFCell.getRichStringCellValue(XSSFCell.java: 70 )
 at com.jawasoft.testDemo.ExcelUtil.readExcel(ExcelUtil.java: 81 )
 at com.jawasoft.testDemo.ExcelUtil.readExcelToObj(ExcelUtil.java: 46 )
 at com.jawasoft.testDemo.ExcelUtil.main(ExcelUtil.java: 29 )

Reason for error: When reading the cell string, there is data of type number, so it needs to be converted into pure String type, so that no error will be reported.

Error code:

returnStr = cell.getRichStringCellValue().getString();

or the following code

// Get cell data 
String cellValue = cell.getStringCellValue();

Solution: Set the cell type to String before reading the excel cell data conversion

code show as below:

//set cell type
cell.setCellType(CellType.STRING); 
returnStr = cell.getRichStringCellValue().getString();

How to Solve Tensorflow SincNet Error

Error Messages:

File ~/apps/miniconda3/envs/oscar_py39_tf28/lib/python3.9/site-packages/keras/utils/traceback_utils.py:67, in filter_traceback..error_handler(*args, **kwargs)
     65 except Exception as e:  # pylint: disable=broad-except
     66   filtered_tb = _process_traceback_frames(e.__traceback__)
---> 67   raise e.with_traceback(filtered_tb) from None
     68 finally:
     69   del filtered_tb
 
File ~/apps/miniconda3/envs/oscar_py39_tf28/lib/python3.9/site-packages/tensorflow/python/framework/func_graph.py:1147, in func_graph_from_py_func..autograph_handler(*args, **kwargs)
   1145 except Exception as e:  # pylint:disable=broad-except
   1146   if hasattr(e, "ag_error_metadata"):
-> 1147     raise e.ag_error_metadata.to_exception(e)
   1148   else:
   1149     raise
 
ValueError: in user code:
 
 
    ValueError: A tf.Variable created inside your tf.function has been garbage-collected. Your code needs to keep Python references to variables created inside `tf.function`s.
     
    A common way to raise this error is to create and return a variable only referenced inside your function:
     
    @tf.function
    def f():
      v = tf.Variable(1.0)
      return v
     
    v = f()  # Crashes with this error message!
     
    The reason this crashes is that @tf.function annotated function returns a **`tf.Tensor`** with the **value** of the variable when the function is called rather than the variable instance itself. As such there is no code holding a reference to the `v` created inside the function and Python garbage collects it.
     
    The simplest way to fix this issue is to create variables outside the function and capture them:
     
    v = tf.Variable(1.0)
     
    @tf.function
    def f():
      return v
     
    f()  # 
    v.assign_add(1.)
    f()  #

Solution:

Modify the path that you import package.

Modify

from keras.layers import Layer, InputSpec

to

from tensorflow.python.keras.engine.base_layer import Layer, InputSpec

Source From: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/66100195/a-tf-variable-created-inside-my-tf-function-has-been-garbage-collected/72285425#72285425

[Solved] FATAL ERROR: wasm code commit Allocation failed – process out of memory

Phenomenon:

Computer model: Apple M1

When starting the vite project, the terminal reports:

FATAL ERROR: wasm code commit Allocation failed - process out of memory
 1: 0x10283d758 node::Abort() [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 2: 0x10283d8bc node::OnFatalError(char const*, char const*) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 3: 0x10295d6a8 v8::Utils::ReportOOMFailure(v8::internal::Isolate*, char const*, bool) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 4: 0x10295d63c v8::internal::V8::FatalProcessOutOfMemory(v8::internal::Isolate*, char const*, bool) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 5: 0x102e9cb1c v8::internal::wasm::WasmCodeAllocator::AllocateForCodeInRegion(v8::internal::wasm::NativeModule*, unsigned long, v8::base::AddressRegion) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 6: 0x102e9d948 v8::internal::wasm::NativeModule::CreateEmptyJumpTableInRegion(unsigned int, v8::base::AddressRegion) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 7: 0x102e9ce10 v8::internal::wasm::NativeModule::AddCodeSpace(v8::base::AddressRegion) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 8: 0x102e9d784 v8::internal::wasm::NativeModule::NativeModule(v8::internal::wasm::WasmEngine*, v8::internal::wasm::WasmFeatures const&, bool, v8::internal::VirtualMemory, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::WasmModule const>, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::Counters>, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::NativeModule>*) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
 9: 0x102e9f9f4 v8::internal::wasm::WasmCodeManager::NewNativeModule(v8::internal::wasm::WasmEngine*, v8::internal::Isolate*, v8::internal::wasm::WasmFeatures const&, unsigned long, bool, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::WasmModule const>) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
10: 0x102ea60c4 v8::internal::wasm::WasmEngine::NewNativeModule(v8::internal::Isolate*, v8::internal::wasm::WasmFeatures const&, unsigned long, bool, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::WasmModule const>) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
11: 0x102ea6004 v8::internal::wasm::WasmEngine::NewNativeModule(v8::internal::Isolate*, v8::internal::wasm::WasmFeatures const&, std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::WasmModule const>) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
12: 0x102e7e85c v8::internal::wasm::AsyncCompileJob::CreateNativeModule(std::__1::shared_ptr<v8::internal::wasm::WasmModule const>) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
13: 0x102e87750 v8::internal::wasm::AsyncCompileJob::PrepareAndStartCompile::RunInForeground(v8::internal::wasm::AsyncCompileJob*) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
14: 0x102e87fd8 v8::internal::wasm::AsyncCompileJob::CompileTask::RunInternal() [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
15: 0x10289d1e8 node::PerIsolatePlatformData::RunForegroundTask(std::__1::unique_ptr<v8::Task, std::__1::default_delete<v8::Task> >) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
16: 0x10289c29c node::PerIsolatePlatformData::FlushForegroundTasksInternal() [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
17: 0x102ffcd5c uv__async_io [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
18: 0x10300e714 uv__io_poll [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
19: 0x102ffd1ec uv_run [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
20: 0x102878e94 node::NodeMainInstance::Run() [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
21: 0x102817b54 node::Start(int, char**) [/Users/yangyanhui/.nvm/versions/node/v12.22.10/bin/node]
solution:
‚ěú ‚úó nvm uninstall v12.22.10
‚ěú ‚úó arch -x86_64 zsh
‚ěú ‚úó nvm install v12.22.10

[Solved] Mac Error: ERROR launching ‘JD-GUI’

Solution: Display the package contents of the app, find universalJavaApplicationStub.sh and copy the following to overwrite it

#!/bin/bash
##################################################################################
#                                                                                #
# universalJavaApplicationStub                                                   #
#                                                                                #
# A BASH based JavaApplicationStub for Java Apps on Mac OS X                     #
# that works with both Apple's and Oracle's plist format.                        #
#                                                                                #
# Inspired by Ian Roberts stackoverflow answer                                   #
# at http://stackoverflow.com/a/17546508/1128689                                 #
#                                                                                #
# @author    Tobias Fischer                                                      #
# @url       https://github.com/tofi86/universalJavaApplicationStub              #
# @date      2020-03-19                                                          #
# @version   3.0.6                                                               #
#                                                                                #
##################################################################################
#                                                                                #
# The MIT License (MIT)                                                          #
#                                                                                #
# Copyright (c) 2014-2020 Tobias Fischer                                         #
#                                                                                #
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy   #
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal  #
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights   #
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell      #
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is          #
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:                       #
#                                                                                #
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all #
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.                                #
#                                                                                #
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR     #
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,       #
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE    #
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER         #
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,  #
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE  #
# SOFTWARE.                                                                      #
#                                                                                #
##################################################################################
 
 
 
# function 'stub_logger()'
#
# A logger which logs to the macOS Console.app using the 'syslog' command
#
# @param1  the log message
# @return  void
################################################################################
function stub_logger() {
	syslog -s -k \
		Facility com.apple.console \
		Level Notice \
		Sender "$(basename "$0")" \
		Message "[$$][${CFBundleName:-$(basename "$0")}] $1"
}
 
 
 
# set the directory abspath of the current
# shell script with symlinks being resolved
############################################
 
PRG=$0
while [ -h "$PRG" ]; do
	ls=$(ls -ld "$PRG")
	link=$(expr "$ls" : '^.*-> \(.*\)$' 2>/dev/null)
	if expr "$link" : '^/' 2> /dev/null >/dev/null; then
		PRG="$link"
	else
		PRG="$(dirname "$PRG")/$link"
	fi
done
PROGDIR=$(dirname "$PRG")
stub_logger "[StubDir] $PROGDIR"
 
 
 
# set files and folders
############################################
 
# the absolute path of the app package
cd "$PROGDIR"/../../ || exit 11
AppPackageFolder=$(pwd)
 
# the base path of the app package
cd .. || exit 12
AppPackageRoot=$(pwd)
 
# set Apple's Java folder
AppleJavaFolder="${AppPackageFolder}"/Contents/Resources/Java
 
# set Apple's Resources folder
AppleResourcesFolder="${AppPackageFolder}"/Contents/Resources
 
# set Oracle's Java folder
OracleJavaFolder="${AppPackageFolder}"/Contents/Java
 
# set Oracle's Resources folder
OracleResourcesFolder="${AppPackageFolder}"/Contents/Resources
 
# set path to Info.plist in bundle
InfoPlistFile="${AppPackageFolder}"/Contents/Info.plist
 
# set the default JVM Version to a null string
JVMVersion=""
JVMMaxVersion=""
 
 
 
# function 'plist_get()'
#
# read a specific Plist key with 'PlistBuddy' utility
#
# @param1  the Plist key with leading colon ':'
# @return  the value as String or Array
################################################################################
plist_get(){
	/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "print $1" "${InfoPlistFile}" 2> /dev/null
}
 
# function 'plist_get_java()'
#
# read a specific Plist key with 'PlistBuddy' utility
# in the 'Java' or 'JavaX' dictionary ()
#
# @param1  the Plist :Java(X):Key with leading colon ':'
# @return  the value as String or Array
################################################################################
plist_get_java(){
	plist_get ${JavaKey:-":Java"}$1
}
 
 
 
# read Info.plist and extract JVM options
############################################
 
# read the program name from CFBundleName
CFBundleName=$(plist_get ':CFBundleName')
 
# read the icon file name
CFBundleIconFile=$(plist_get ':CFBundleIconFile')
 
 
# check Info.plist for Apple style Java keys -> if key :Java is present, parse in apple mode
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "print :Java" "${InfoPlistFile}" > /dev/null 2>&1
exitcode=$?
JavaKey=":Java"
 
# if no :Java key is present, check Info.plist for universalJavaApplication style JavaX keys -> if key :JavaX is present, parse in apple mode
if [ $exitcode -ne 0 ]; then
	/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "print :JavaX" "${InfoPlistFile}" > /dev/null 2>&1
	exitcode=$?
	JavaKey=":JavaX"
fi
 
 
# read 'Info.plist' file in Apple style if exit code returns 0 (true, ':Java' key is present)
if [ $exitcode -eq 0 ]; then
	stub_logger "[PlistStyle] Apple"
 
	# set Java and Resources folder
	JavaFolder="${AppleJavaFolder}"
	ResourcesFolder="${AppleResourcesFolder}"
 
	APP_PACKAGE="${AppPackageFolder}"
	JAVAROOT="${AppleJavaFolder}"
	USER_HOME="$HOME"
 
 
	# read the Java WorkingDirectory
	JVMWorkDir=$(plist_get_java ':WorkingDirectory' | xargs)
	# set Working Directory based upon PList value
	if [[ ! -z ${JVMWorkDir} ]]; then
		WorkingDirectory="${JVMWorkDir}"
	else
		# AppPackageRoot is the standard WorkingDirectory when the script is started
		WorkingDirectory="${AppPackageRoot}"
	fi
	# expand variables $APP_PACKAGE, $JAVAROOT, $USER_HOME
	WorkingDirectory=$(eval echo "${WorkingDirectory}")
 
 
	# read the MainClass name
	JVMMainClass="$(plist_get_java ':MainClass')"
 
	# read the SplashFile name
	JVMSplashFile=$(plist_get_java ':SplashFile')
 
	# read the JVM Properties as an array and retain spaces
	IFS=$'\t\n'
	JVMOptions=($(xargs -n1 <<<$(plist_get_java ':Properties' | grep " =" | sed 's/^ */-D/g' | sed -E 's/ = (.*)$/="\1"/g')))
	unset IFS
	# post processing of the array follows further below...
 
	# read the ClassPath in either Array or String style
	JVMClassPath_RAW=$(plist_get_java ':ClassPath' | xargs)
	if [[ $JVMClassPath_RAW == *Array* ]] ; then
		JVMClassPath=.$(plist_get_java ':ClassPath' | grep "    " | sed 's/^ */:/g' | tr -d '\n' | xargs)
	else
		JVMClassPath=${JVMClassPath_RAW}
	fi
	# expand variables $APP_PACKAGE, $JAVAROOT, $USER_HOME
	JVMClassPath=$(eval echo "${JVMClassPath}")
 
	# read the JVM Options in either Array or String style
	JVMDefaultOptions_RAW=$(plist_get_java ':VMOptions' | xargs)
	if [[ $JVMDefaultOptions_RAW == *Array* ]] ; then
		JVMDefaultOptions=$(plist_get_java ':VMOptions' | grep "    " | sed 's/^ */ /g' | tr -d '\n' | xargs)
	else
		JVMDefaultOptions=${JVMDefaultOptions_RAW}
	fi
 
	# read StartOnMainThread and add as -XstartOnFirstThread
	JVMStartOnMainThread=$(plist_get_java ':StartOnMainThread')
	if [ "${JVMStartOnMainThread}" == "true" ]; then
		JVMDefaultOptions+=" -XstartOnFirstThread"
	fi
 
	# read the JVM Arguments in either Array or String style (#76) and retain spaces
	IFS=$'\t\n'
	MainArgs_RAW=$(plist_get_java ':Arguments' | xargs)
	if [[ $MainArgs_RAW == *Array* ]] ; then
		MainArgs=($(xargs -n1 <<<$(plist_get_java ':Arguments' | tr -d '\n' | sed -E 's/Array \{ *(.*) *\}/\1/g' | sed 's/  */ /g')))
	else
		MainArgs=($(xargs -n1 <<<$(plist_get_java ':Arguments')))
	fi
	unset IFS
	# post processing of the array follows further below...
 
	# read the Java version we want to find
	JVMVersion=$(plist_get_java ':JVMVersion' | xargs)
	# post processing of the version string follows below...
 
 
# read 'Info.plist' file in Oracle style
else
	stub_logger "[PlistStyle] Oracle"
 
	# set Working Directory and Java and Resources folder
	JavaFolder="${OracleJavaFolder}"
	ResourcesFolder="${OracleResourcesFolder}"
	WorkingDirectory="${OracleJavaFolder}"
 
	APP_ROOT="${AppPackageFolder}"
 
	# read the MainClass name
	JVMMainClass="$(plist_get ':JVMMainClassName')"
 
	# read the SplashFile name
	JVMSplashFile=$(plist_get ':JVMSplashFile')
 
	# read the JVM Options as an array and retain spaces
	IFS=$'\t\n'
	JVMOptions=($(plist_get ':JVMOptions' | grep "    " | sed 's/^ *//g'))
	unset IFS
	# post processing of the array follows further below...
 
	# read the ClassPath in either Array or String style
	JVMClassPath_RAW=$(plist_get ':JVMClassPath')
	if [[ $JVMClassPath_RAW == *Array* ]] ; then
		JVMClassPath=.$(plist_get ':JVMClassPath' | grep "    " | sed 's/^ */:/g' | tr -d '\n' | xargs)
		# expand variables $APP_PACKAGE, $JAVAROOT, $USER_HOME
		JVMClassPath=$(eval echo "${JVMClassPath}")
 
	elif [[ ! -z ${JVMClassPath_RAW} ]] ; then
		JVMClassPath=${JVMClassPath_RAW}
		# expand variables $APP_PACKAGE, $JAVAROOT, $USER_HOME
		JVMClassPath=$(eval echo "${JVMClassPath}")
 
	else
		#default: fallback to OracleJavaFolder
		JVMClassPath="${JavaFolder}/*"
		# Do NOT expand the default 'AppName.app/Contents/Java/*' classpath (#42)
	fi
 
	# read the JVM Default Options
	JVMDefaultOptions=$(plist_get ':JVMDefaultOptions' | grep -o " \-.*" | tr -d '\n' | xargs)
 
	# read the Main Arguments from JVMArguments key as an array and retain spaces (see #46 for naming details)
	IFS=$'\t\n'
	MainArgs=($(xargs -n1 <<<$(plist_get ':JVMArguments' | tr -d '\n' | sed -E 's/Array \{ *(.*) *\}/\1/g' | sed 's/ */ /g'))) unset IFS # post processing of the array follows further below... # read the Java version we want to find JVMVersion=$(plist_get ':JVMVersion' | xargs) # post processing of the version string follows below... fi # (#75) check for undefined icons or icon names without .icns extension and prepare # an osascript statement for those cases when the icon can be shown in the dialog DialogWithIcon="" if [ ! -z ${CFBundleIconFile} ]; then if [[ ${CFBundleIconFile} == *.icns ]] && [[ -f "${ResourcesFolder}/${CFBundleIconFile}" ]] ; then DialogWithIcon=" with icon path to resource \"${CFBundleIconFile}\" in bundle (path to me)" elif [[ ${CFBundleIconFile} != *.icns ]] && [[ -f "${ResourcesFolder}/${CFBundleIconFile}.icns" ]] ; then CFBundleIconFile+=".icns" DialogWithIcon=" with icon path to resource \"${CFBundleIconFile}\" in bundle (path to me)" fi fi # JVMVersion: post processing and optional splitting if [[ ${JVMVersion} == *";"* ]]; then minMaxArray=(${JVMVersion//;/ }) JVMVersion=${minMaxArray[0]//+} JVMMaxVersion=${minMaxArray[1]//+} fi stub_logger "[JavaRequirement] JVM minimum version: ${JVMVersion}" stub_logger "[JavaRequirement] JVM maximum version: ${JVMMaxVersion}" # MainArgs: replace occurences of $APP_ROOT with its content MainArgsArr=() for i in "${MainArgs[@]}" do MainArgsArr+=("$(eval echo "$i")") done # JVMOptions: replace occurences of $APP_ROOT with its content JVMOptionsArr=() for i in "${JVMOptions[@]}" do JVMOptionsArr+=("$(eval echo "$i")") done # internationalized messages ############################################ LANG=$(defaults read -g AppleLocale) stub_logger "[Language] $LANG" # French localization if [[ $LANG == fr* ]] ; then MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING="ERREUR au lancement de '${CFBundleName}'." MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS="'MainClass' n'est pas sp√©cifi√©.\nL'application Java ne peut pas √™tre lanc√©e." MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID="La syntaxe de la version de Java demand√©e est invalide: %s\nVeuillez contacter le d√©veloppeur de l'application." MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA="La version de Java install√©e sur votre syst√®me ne convient pas.\nCe programme n√©cessite Java %s" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_OR_LATER="ou ult√©rieur" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST="(derni√®re mise √† jour)" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_MAX="√† %s" MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_CHECK="Merci de bien vouloir installer la version de Java requise." MSG_INSTALL_JAVA="Java doit √™tre install√© sur votre syst√®me.\nRendez-vous sur java.com et suivez les instructions d'installation..." MSG_LATER="Plus tard" MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM="Java by Oracle" MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK="Java by AdoptOpenJDK" # German localization elif [[ $LANG == de* ]] ; then MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING="FEHLER beim Starten von '${CFBundleName}'." MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS="Die 'MainClass' ist nicht spezifiziert!\nDie Java-Anwendung kann nicht gestartet werden!" MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID="Die Syntax der angeforderten Java-Version ist ung√ľltig: %s\nBitte kontaktieren Sie den Entwickler der App." MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA="Es wurde keine passende Java-Version auf Ihrem System gefunden!\nDieses Programm ben√∂tigt Java %s" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_OR_LATER="oder neuer" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST="(neuste Unterversion)" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_MAX="bis %s" MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_CHECK="Stellen Sie sicher, dass die angeforderte Java-Version installiert ist." MSG_INSTALL_JAVA="Auf Ihrem System muss die 'Java'-Software installiert sein.\nBesuchen Sie java.com f√ľr weitere Installationshinweise." MSG_LATER="Sp√§ter" MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM="Java von Oracle" MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK="Java von AdoptOpenJDK" # Simplifyed Chinese localization elif [[ $LANG == zh* ]] ; then MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING="Unable to start '${CFBundleName}'." MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS="No 'MainClass' specified! \nJava program could not be started!" MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID="Java version parameter syntax error: %s\nPlease contact the developer of this application." MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA="No suitable version of Java found on the system! \nJava %s must be installed to be able to use this application!" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_OR_LATER="and above" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST="(latest version)" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_MAX="up to %s" MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_CHECK="Please ensure that the required version of Java is installed on your system" MSG_INSTALL_JAVA="You need to install the Java runtime environment on your Mac! \nVisit java.com to learn how to install it." MSG_LATER="Later" MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM="Java by Oracle" MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK="Java by AdoptOpenJDK" # English default localization else MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING="ERROR launching '${CFBundleName}'." MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS="'MainClass' isn't specified!\nJava application cannot be started!" MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID="The syntax of the required Java version is invalid: %s\nPlease contact the App developer." MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA="No suitable Java version found on your system!\nThis program requires Java %s" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_OR_LATER="or later" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST="(latest update)" MSG_JAVA_VERSION_MAX="up to %s" MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_CHECK="Make sure you install the required Java version." MSG_INSTALL_JAVA="You need to have JAVA installed on your Mac!\nVisit java.com for installation instructions..." MSG_LATER="Later" MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM="Java by Oracle" MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK="Java by AdoptOpenJDK" fi # function 'get_java_version_from_cmd()' # # returns Java version string from 'java -version' command # works for both old (1.8) and new (9) version schema # # @param1 path to a java JVM executable # @return the Java version number as displayed in 'java -version' command ################################################################################ function get_java_version_from_cmd() { # second sed command strips " and -ea from the version string echo $("$1" -version 2>&1 | awk '/version/{print $3}' | sed -E 's/"//g;s/-ea//g')
}
 
 
# function 'extract_java_major_version()'
#
# extract Java major version from a version string
#
# @param1  a Java version number ('1.8.0_45') or requirement string ('1.8+')
# @return  the major version (e.g. '7', '8' or '9', etc.)
################################################################################
function extract_java_major_version() {
	echo $(echo "$1" | sed -E 's/^1\.//;s/^([0-9]+)(-ea|(\.[0-9_.]{1,7})?)(-b[0-9]+-[0-9]+)?[+*]?$/\1/')
}
 
 
# function 'get_comparable_java_version()'
#
# return comparable version for a Java version number or requirement string
#
# @param1  a Java version number ('1.8.0_45') or requirement string ('1.8+')
# @return  an 8 digit numeral ('1.8.0_45'->'08000045'; '9.1.13'->'09001013')
################################################################################
function get_comparable_java_version() {
	# cleaning: 1) remove leading '1.'; 2) remove build string (e.g. '-b14-468'); 3) remove 'a-Z' and '-*+' (e.g. '-ea'); 4) replace '_' with '.'
	local cleaned=$(echo "$1" | sed -E 's/^1\.//g;s/-b[0-9]+-[0-9]+$//g;s/[a-zA-Z+*\-]//g;s/_/./g')
	# splitting at '.' into an array
	local arr=( ${cleaned//./ } )
	# echo a string with left padded version numbers
	echo "$(printf '%02s' ${arr[0]})$(printf '%03s' ${arr[1]})$(printf '%03s' ${arr[2]})"
}
 
 
# function 'is_valid_requirement_pattern()'
#
# check whether the Java requirement is a valid requirement pattern
#
# supported requirements are for example:
# - 1.6       requires Java 6 (any update)      [1.6, 1.6.0_45, 1.6.0_88]
# - 1.6*      requires Java 6 (any update)      [1.6, 1.6.0_45, 1.6.0_88]
# - 1.6+      requires Java 6 or higher         [1.6, 1.6.0_45, 1.8, 9, etc.]
# - 1.6.0     requires Java 6 (any update)      [1.6, 1.6.0_45, 1.6.0_88]
# - 1.6.0_45  requires Java 6u45                [1.6.0_45]
# - 1.6.0_45+ requires Java 6u45 or higher      [1.6.0_45, 1.6.0_88, 1.8, etc.]
# - 9         requires Java 9 (any update)      [9.0.*, 9.1, 9.3, etc.]
# - 9*        requires Java 9 (any update)      [9.0.*, 9.1, 9.3, etc.]
# - 9+        requires Java 9 or higher         [9.0, 9.1, 10, etc.]
# - 9.1       requires Java 9.1 (any update)    [9.1.*, 9.1.2, 9.1.13, etc.]
# - 9.1*      requires Java 9.1 (any update)    [9.1.*, 9.1.2, 9.1.13, etc.]
# - 9.1+      requires Java 9.1 or higher       [9.1, 9.2, 10, etc.]
# - 9.1.3     requires Java 9.1.3               [9.1.3]
# - 9.1.3*    requires Java 9.1.3 (any update)  [9.1.3]
# - 9.1.3+    requires Java 9.1.3 or higher     [9.1.3, 9.1.4, 9.2.*, 10, etc.]
# - 10-ea     requires Java 10 (early access release)
#
# unsupported requirement patterns are for example:
# - 1.2, 1.3, 1.9       Java 2, 3 are not supported
# - 1.9                 Java 9 introduced a new versioning scheme
# - 6u45                known versioning syntax, but unsupported
# - 9-ea*, 9-ea+        early access releases paired with */+
# - 9., 9.*, 9.+        version ending with a .
# - 9.1., 9.1.*, 9.1.+  version ending with a .
# - 9.3.5.6             4 part version number is unsupported
#
# @param1  a Java requirement string ('1.8+')
# @return  boolean exit code: 0 (is valid), 1 (is not valid)
################################################################################
function is_valid_requirement_pattern() {
	local java_req=$1
	java8pattern='1\.[4-8](\.[0-9]+)?(\.0_[0-9]+)?[*+]?'
	java9pattern='(9|1[0-9])(-ea|[*+]|(\.[0-9]+){1,2}[*+]?)?'
	# test matches either old Java versioning scheme (up to 1.8) or new scheme (starting with 9)
	if [[ ${java_req} =~ ^(${java8pattern}|${java9pattern})$ ]]; then
		return 0
	else
		return 1
	fi
}
 
 
 
# determine which JVM to use
############################################
 
# default Apple JRE plugin path (< 1.6) apple_jre_plugin="/Library/Java/Home/bin/java" apple_jre_version=$(get_java_version_from_cmd "${apple_jre_plugin}") # default Oracle JRE plugin path (>= 1.7)
oracle_jre_plugin="/Library/Internet Plug-Ins/JavaAppletPlugin.plugin/Contents/Home/bin/java"
oracle_jre_version=$(get_java_version_from_cmd "${oracle_jre_plugin}")
 
 
# first check system variable "$JAVA_HOME" -> has precedence over any other System JVM
stub_logger '[JavaSearch] Checking for $JAVA_HOME ...'
if [ -n "$JAVA_HOME" ] ; then
	stub_logger "[JavaSearch] ... found JAVA_HOME with value $JAVA_HOME"
 
	# PR 26: Allow specifying "$JAVA_HOME" relative to "$AppPackageFolder"
	# which allows for bundling a custom version of Java inside your app!
	if [[ $JAVA_HOME == /* ]] ; then
		# if "$JAVA_HOME" starts with a Slash it's an absolute path
		JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/bin/java"
	else
		# otherwise it's a relative path to "$AppPackageFolder"
		JAVACMD="$AppPackageFolder/$JAVA_HOME/bin/java"
	fi
	JAVACMD_version=$(get_comparable_java_version $(get_java_version_from_cmd "${JAVACMD}"))
else
	stub_logger "[JavaSearch] ... didn't found JAVA_HOME"
fi
 
 
# check for any other or a specific Java version
# also if $JAVA_HOME exists but isn't executable
if [ -z "${JAVACMD}" ] || [ ! -x "${JAVACMD}" ] ; then
	stub_logger "[JavaSearch] Checking for JavaVirtualMachines on the system ..."
	# reset variables
	JAVACMD=""
	JAVACMD_version=""
 
	# first check whether JVMVersion string is a valid requirement string
	if [ ! -z "${JVMVersion}" ] && ! is_valid_requirement_pattern ${JVMVersion} ; then
		MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED=$(printf "${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID}" "${JVMVersion}")
		# log exit cause
		stub_logger "[EXIT 4] ${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED}"
		# display error message with AppleScript
		osascript -e "tell application \"System Events\" to display dialog \"${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}\n\n${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED}\" with title \"${CFBundleName}\" buttons {\" OK \"} default button 1${DialogWithIcon}"
		# exit with error
		exit 4
	fi
	# then check whether JVMMaxVersion string is a valid requirement string
	if [ ! -z "${JVMMaxVersion}" ] && ! is_valid_requirement_pattern ${JVMMaxVersion} ; then
		MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED=$(printf "${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID}" "${JVMMaxVersion}")
		# log exit cause
		stub_logger "[EXIT 5] ${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED}"
		# display error message with AppleScript
		osascript -e "tell application \"System Events\" to display dialog \"${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}\n\n${MSG_JVMVERSION_REQ_INVALID_EXPANDED}\" with title \"${CFBundleName}\" buttons {\" OK \"} default button 1${DialogWithIcon}"
		# exit with error
		exit 5
	fi
 
 
	# find installed JavaVirtualMachines (JDK + JRE)
	allJVMs=()
	# read JDK's from '/usr/libexec/java_home -V' command
	while read -r line; do
		version=$(echo $line | awk -F $',' '{print $1;}')
		path=$(echo $line | awk -F $'" ' '{print $2;}')
		path+="/bin/java"
		allJVMs+=("$version:$path")
	done < <(/usr/libexec/java_home -V 2>&1 | grep '^[[:space:]]')
	# unset while loop variables
	unset version path
 
	# add Apple JRE if available
	if [ -x "${apple_jre_plugin}" ] ; then
		allJVMs+=("$apple_jre_version:$apple_jre_plugin")
	fi
 
	# add Oracle JRE if available
	if [ -x "${oracle_jre_plugin}" ] ; then
		allJVMs+=("$oracle_jre_version:$oracle_jre_plugin")
	fi
 
	# debug output
	for i in "${allJVMs[@]}"
	do
		stub_logger "[JavaSearch] ... found JVM: $i"
	done
 
 
	# determine JVMs matching the min/max version requirement
	minC=$(get_comparable_java_version ${JVMVersion})
	maxC=$(get_comparable_java_version ${JVMMaxVersion})
	matchingJVMs=()
 
	for i in "${allJVMs[@]}"
	do
		# split JVM string at ':' delimiter to retain spaces in $path substring
		IFS=: arr=($i) ; unset IFS
		# [0] JVM version number
		ver=${arr[0]}
		# comparable JVM version number
		comp=$(get_comparable_java_version $ver)
		# [1] JVM path
		path="${arr[1]}"
		# construct string item for adding to the "matchingJVMs" array
		item="$comp:$ver:$path"
 
		# pre-requisite: current version number needs to be greater than min version number
		if [ "$comp" -ge "$minC" ] ; then
 
			# perform max version checks if max version requirement is present
			if [ ! -z ${JVMMaxVersion} ] ; then
 
				# max version requirement ends with '*' modifier
				if [[ ${JVMMaxVersion} == *\* ]] ; then
 
					# use the '*' modifier from the max version string as wildcard for a 'starts with' comparison
					# and check whether the current version number starts with the max version wildcard string
					if [[ ${ver} == ${JVMMaxVersion} ]]; then
						matchingJVMs+=("$item")
 
					# or whether the current comparable version is lower than the comparable max version
					elif [ "$comp" -le "$maxC" ] ; then
						matchingJVMs+=("$item")
					fi
 
				# max version requirement ends with '+' modifier -> always add this version if it's greater than $min
				# because a max requirement with + modifier doesn't make sense
				elif [[ ${JVMMaxVersion} == *+ ]] ; then
					matchingJVMs+=("$item")
 
				# matches 6 zeros at the end of the max version string (e.g. for 1.8, 9)
				# -> then the max version string should be treated like with a '*' modifier at the end
				#elif [[ ${maxC} =~ ^[0-9]{2}0{6}$ ]] && [ "$comp" -le $(( ${maxC#0} + 999 )) ] ; then
				#	matchingJVMs+=("$item")
 
				# matches 3 zeros at the end of the max version string (e.g. for 9.1, 10.3)
				# -> then the max version string should be treated like with a '*' modifier at the end
				#elif [[ ${maxC} =~ ^[0-9]{5}0{3}$ ]] && [ "$comp" -le "${maxC}" ] ; then
				#	matchingJVMs+=("$item")
 
				# matches standard requirements without modifier
				elif [ "$comp" -le "$maxC" ]; then
					matchingJVMs+=("$item")
				fi
 
			# no max version requirement:
 
			# min version requirement ends with '+' modifier
			# -> always add the current version because it's greater than $min
			elif [[ ${JVMVersion} == *+ ]] ; then
				matchingJVMs+=("$item")
 
			# min version requirement ends with '*' modifier
			# -> use the '*' modifier from the min version string as wildcard for a 'starts with' comparison
			#    and check whether the current version number starts with the min version wildcard string
			elif [[ ${JVMVersion} == *\* ]] ; then
				if [[ ${ver} == ${JVMVersion} ]] ; then
					matchingJVMs+=("$item")
				fi
 
			# compare the min version against the current version with an additional * wildcard for a 'starts with' comparison
			# -> e.g. add 1.8.0_44 when the requirement is 1.8
			elif [[ ${ver} == ${JVMVersion}* ]] ; then
					matchingJVMs+=("$item")
			fi
		fi
	done
	# unset for loop variables
	unset arr ver comp path item
 
	# debug output
	for i in "${matchingJVMs[@]}"
	do
		stub_logger "[JavaSearch] ... ... matches all requirements: $i"
	done
 
 
	# sort the matching JavaVirtualMachines by version number
	# https://stackoverflow.com/a/11789688/1128689
	IFS=$'\n' matchingJVMs=($(sort -nr <<<"${matchingJVMs[*]}"))
	unset IFS
 
 
	# get the highest matching JVM
	for ((i = 0; i < ${#matchingJVMs[@]}; i++));
	do
		# split JVM string at ':' delimiter to retain spaces in $path substring
		IFS=: arr=(${matchingJVMs[$i]}) ; unset IFS
		# [0] comparable JVM version number
		comp=${arr[0]}
		# [1] JVM version number
		ver=${arr[1]}
		# [2] JVM path
		path="${arr[2]}"
 
		# use current value as JAVACMD if it's executable
		if [ -x "$path" ] ; then
			JAVACMD="$path"
			JAVACMD_version=$comp
			break
		fi
	done
	# unset for loop variables
	unset arr comp ver path
fi
 
# log the Java Command and the extracted version number
stub_logger "[JavaCommand] '$JAVACMD'"
stub_logger "[JavaVersion] $(get_java_version_from_cmd "${JAVACMD}")${JAVACMD_version:+ / $JAVACMD_version}"
 
 
 
if [ -z "${JAVACMD}" ] || [ ! -x "${JAVACMD}" ] ; then
 
	# different error messages when a specific JVM was required
	if [ ! -z "${JVMVersion}" ] ; then
		# display human readable java version (#28)
		java_version_hr=$(echo ${JVMVersion} | sed -E 's/^1\.([0-9+*]+)$/ \1/g' | sed "s/+/ ${MSG_JAVA_VERSION_OR_LATER}/;s/*/ ${MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST}/")
		MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_EXPANDED=$(printf "${MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA}" "${java_version_hr}").
 
		if [ ! -z "${JVMMaxVersion}" ] ; then
			java_version_hr=$(extract_java_major_version ${JVMVersion})
			java_version_max_hr=$(echo ${JVMMaxVersion} | sed -E 's/^1\.([0-9+*]+)$/ \1/g' | sed "s/+//;s/*/ ${MSG_JAVA_VERSION_LATEST}/")
			MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_EXPANDED="$(printf "${MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA}" "${java_version_hr}") $(printf "${MSG_JAVA_VERSION_MAX}" "${java_version_max_hr}")"
		fi
 
		# log exit cause
		stub_logger "[EXIT 3] ${MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_EXPANDED}"
 
		# display error message with AppleScript
		osascript -e "tell application \"System Events\" to display dialog \"${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}\n\n${MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_EXPANDED}\n${MSG_NO_SUITABLE_JAVA_CHECK}\" with title \"${CFBundleName}\"  buttons {\" OK \", \"${MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM}\", \"${MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK}\"} default button 1${DialogWithIcon}" \
				-e "set response to button returned of the result" \
				-e "if response is \"${MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM}\" then open location \"https://www.java.com/download/\"" \
				-e "if response is \"${MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK}\" then open location \"https://adoptopenjdk.net/releases.html\""
		# exit with error
		exit 3
 
	else
		# log exit cause
		stub_logger "[EXIT 1] ${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}"
		# display error message with AppleScript
		osascript -e "tell application \"System Events\" to display dialog \"${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}\n\n${MSG_INSTALL_JAVA}\" with title \"${CFBundleName}\" buttons {\"${MSG_LATER}\", \"${MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM}\", \"${MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK}\"} default button 1${DialogWithIcon}" \
					-e "set response to button returned of the result" \
					-e "if response is \"${MSG_VISIT_JAVA_DOT_COM}\" then open location \"https://www.java.com/download/\"" \
					-e "if response is \"${MSG_VISIT_ADOPTOPENJDK}\" then open location \"https://adoptopenjdk.net/releases.html\""
		# exit with error
		exit 1
	fi
fi
 
 
 
# MainClass check
############################################
 
if [ -z "${JVMMainClass}" ]; then
	# log exit cause
	stub_logger "[EXIT 2] ${MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS}"
	# display error message with AppleScript
	osascript -e "tell application \"System Events\" to display dialog \"${MSG_ERROR_LAUNCHING}\n\n${MSG_MISSING_MAINCLASS}\" with title \"${CFBundleName}\" buttons {\" OK \"} default button 1${DialogWithIcon}"
	# exit with error
	exit 2
fi
 
 
 
# execute $JAVACMD and do some preparation
############################################
 
# enable drag&drop to the dock icon
export CFProcessPath="$0"
 
# remove Apples ProcessSerialNumber from passthru arguments (#39)
if [[ "$*" == -psn* ]] ; then
	ArgsPassthru=()
else
	ArgsPassthru=("[email protected]")
fi
 
# change to Working Directory based upon Apple/Oracle Plist info
cd "${WorkingDirectory}" || exit 13
stub_logger "[WorkingDirectory] ${WorkingDirectory}"
 
# execute Java and set
# - classpath
# - splash image
# - dock icon
# - app name
# - JVM options / properties (-D)
# - JVM default options (-X)
# - main class
# - main class arguments
# - passthrough arguments from Terminal or Drag'n'Drop to Finder icon
stub_logger "[Exec] \"$JAVACMD\" -cp \"${JVMClassPath}\" -splash:\"${ResourcesFolder}/${JVMSplashFile}\" -Xdock:icon=\"${ResourcesFolder}/${CFBundleIconFile}\" -Xdock:name=\"${CFBundleName}\" ${JVMOptionsArr:+$(printf "'%s' " "${JVMOptionsArr[@]}") }${JVMDefaultOptions:+$JVMDefaultOptions }${JVMMainClass}${MainArgsArr:+ $(printf "'%s' " "${MainArgsArr[@]}")}${ArgsPassthru:+ $(printf "'%s' " "${ArgsPassthru[@]}")}"
exec "${JAVACMD}" \
		-cp "${JVMClassPath}" \
		-splash:"${ResourcesFolder}/${JVMSplashFile}" \
		-Xdock:icon="${ResourcesFolder}/${CFBundleIconFile}" \
		-Xdock:name="${CFBundleName}" \
		${JVMOptionsArr:+"${JVMOptionsArr[@]}" }\
		${JVMDefaultOptions:+$JVMDefaultOptions }\
		"${JVMMainClass}"\
		${MainArgsArr:+ "${MainArgsArr[@]}"}\
		${ArgsPassthru:+ "${ArgsPassthru[@]}"}

[Solved] Azure Function Enable Managed Identity and Powershell Funciton Report Error: ERROR: ManagedIdentityCredential authentication failed

Problem Description

Write a Powershell Function, log in to China Azure and get Azure AD User information, but found that [Error] ERROR: ManagedIdentityCredential authentication failed: An unexpected error occured while fetching the AAD Token. Please contact support with this provided Correlation IdStatus: 500 (Internal Server Error).

 

problem analysis

Analyze the cause of the error. This is because there is an error when logging in with Powershell. Considering that you are currently logged in to Azure in China, when you log in with Connect-AzAccount, you want to specify -Environment as AzureChinaCloud.

The PowerShell Function App automatically adds the profile.ps1 file to the root directory  . The default file content is:

# Azure Functions profile.ps1
#
# This profile.ps1 will get executed every "cold start" of your Function App. 
# "cold start" occurs when:
#
# * A Function App starts up for the very first time 
# * A Function App starts up after being de-allocated due to inactivity
#
# You can define helper functions, run commands, or specify environment variables 
# NOTE: any variables defined that are not environment variables will get reset after the first execution

# Authenticate with Azure PowerShell using MSI. 
# Remove this if you are not planning on using MSI or Azure PowerShell. 
if ( $env:MSI_SECRET ) {
    Disable -AzContextAutosave -Scope Process | Out- Null
    Connect -AzAccount- Identity
}

# Uncomment the next line to enable legacy AzureRm alias in Azure PowerShell. 
# Enable-AzureRmAlias

# You can also define functions or aliases that can be referenced in any of your PowerShell functions.
It can be seen that the default Connect-AzAccount -Identity does not specify Environment, so when Function runs, it will connect to Global Azure by default, so ManagedIdentityCredential authentication failed will appear.

PS : If Managed Identity is not enabled, $env:MSI_SECRET is False and the code in profile.ps1 will not be executed.

 

solution

On the Function App page, click App Service Editor, and modify the profile.ps1 file.

use

Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud -Identity

replace

Connect-AzAccount-Identity

The screenshot of the operation is as follows:

After modification, go back to the Function –> Code + Test page, and the test problem disappears.

using namespace System.Net

# Input bindings are passed in via param block. 
param ( $Request , $TriggerMetadata )

# Write to the Azure Functions log stream. 
Write-Host " PowerShell HTTP trigger function processed a request. " 
Write -Host $env:MSI_SECRET 
# Interact with query parameters or the body of the request. 
$name = $Request .Query.Name
 if ( -not  $name ) {
     $name = $Request .Body.Name
}

$body = " This HTTP triggered function executed successfully. Pass a name in the query string or in the request body for a personalized response. "

if ( $name ) {
     $body = " Hello, $name. This HTTP triggered function executed successfully. "
}
# login in to azure china 
Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud - identity
 # get User information 
Get-AzADUser -First 2 -Select 'City' - AppendSelected

# Associate values ‚Äč‚Äčto output bindings by calling 'Push-OutputBinding'.Push 
-OutputBinding -Name Response -Value ([HttpResponseContext]@ {
    StatusCode = [HttpStatusCode]:: OK
    Body = $body 
})

Note: In order for Connect-AzAccount to run successfully, you need to add ‘Az’ = ‘7.*’ in requirements.psd1, so that the instance of Function App installs the Az module.¬†Of course, if you need other Powershell modules in Function, you can add them here.

# This file enables modules to be automatically managed by the Functions service. 
# See https://aka.ms/functionsmanageddependency for additional information.
#
@ {
     # For latest supported version, go to 'https://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/Az'. 
    # To use the Az module in your function app, please uncomment the line below. 
    'Az' = '7. * '
}

[Solved] Application_Error not firing when customerrors = “On”

Question:

I have code in the¬†global.asax¬†file’s¬†Application_Error¬†event which executes when an error occurs and emails details of the error to myself.

void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    var error = Server.GetLastError();

    if (error.Message != "Not Found")
    {
        // Send email here...
    }

}

This works fine when I’m running it in Visual Studio, however when I publish to our live server the¬†Application_Error¬†event does not fire.

After some testing I can get the Application_Error firing when I set customErrors="Off", however setting it back to customErrors="On" stops the event from firing again.

Can anyone suggest why Application_Error would not be firing when customErrors are enabled in the web.config?

 

Solution 1:

UPDATE
Since this answer does provide a solution, I will not edit it, but I have found a much cleaner way of solving this problem. See¬†my other answer¬†for details…

Original Answer:
I figured out why the¬†Application_Error()¬†method is not being invoked…

Global.asax.cs

public class MvcApplication : System.Web.HttpApplication
{
    public static void RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilterCollection filters)
    {
        filters.Add(new HandleErrorAttribute()); // this line is the culprit
    }
...
}

By default (when a new project is generated), an MVC application has some logic in the¬†Global.asax.cs¬†file. This logic is used for mapping routes and registering filters. By default, it only registers one filter: a¬†HandleErrorAttribute¬†filter. When customErrors are on (or through remote requests when it is set to RemoteOnly), the HandleErrorAttribute tells MVC to look for an Error view and it never calls the¬†Application_Error()¬†method. I couldn’t find documentation of this but it is explained in¬†this answer on programmers.stackexchange.com.

To get the ApplicationError() method called for every unhandled exception, simple remove the line which registers the HandleErrorAttribute filter.

Now the problem is: How to configure the customErrors to get what you want…

The customErrors section defaults to¬†redirectMode="ResponseRedirect". You can specify the defaultRedirect attribute to be a MVC route too. I created an ErrorController which was very simple and changed my web.config to look like this…

web.config

<customErrors mode="RemoteOnly" redirectMode="ResponseRedirect" defaultRedirect="~/Error">
  <error statusCode="404" redirect="~/Error/PageNotFound" />
</customErrors>

The problem with this solution is that it does a 302 redirect to your error URLs and then those pages respond with a 200 status code. This leads to Google indexing the error pages which is bad. It also isn’t very conformant to the HTTP spec. What I wanted to do was not redirect, and overrite the original response with my custom error views.

I tried to change¬†redirectMode="ResponseRewrite". Unfortunately,¬†this option does not support MVC routes, only static HTML pages or ASPX. I tried to use an static HTML page at first but the response code was still 200 but, at least it didn’t redirect. I then got an idea from¬†this answer

I decided to give up on MVC for error handling. I created an¬†Error.aspx¬†and a¬†PageNotFound.aspx. These pages were very simple but they had one piece of magic…

<script type="text/C#" runat="server">
    protected override void OnLoad(EventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnLoad(e);
        Response.StatusCode = (int) System.Net.HttpStatusCode.InternalServerError;
    }
</script>

This block tells the page to be served with the correct status code. Of course, on the PageNotFound.aspx page, I used¬†HttpStatusCode.NotFound¬†instead. I changed my web.config to look like this…

<customErrors mode="RemoteOnly" redirectMode="ResponseRewrite" defaultRedirect="~/Error.aspx">
  <error statusCode="404" redirect="~/PageNotFound.aspx" />
</customErrors>

It all worked perfectly!

Summary:

  • Remove the line:¬†filters.Add(new HandleErrorAttribute());
  • Use¬†Application_Error()¬†method to log exceptions
  • Use customErrors with a ResponseRewrite, pointing at ASPX pages
  • Make the ASPX pages responsible for their own response status codes

There are a couple downsides I have noticed with this solution.

  • The ASPX pages can’t share any markup with Razor templates, I had to rewrite our website’s standard header and footer markup for a consistent look and feel.
  • The *.aspx pages can be accessed directly by hitting their URLs

There are work-arounds for these problems but I wasn’t concerned enough by them to do any extra work.

I hope this helps everyone!

 

Solution 2:

I solved this by creating an ExceptionFilter and logging the error there instead of Application_Error. All you need to do is add a call to in in RegisterGlobalFilters

log4netExceptionFilter.cs

using System
using System.Web.Mvc;

public class log4netExceptionFilter : IExceptionFilter
{
    public void OnException(ExceptionContext context)
    {
        Exception ex = context.Exception;
        if (!(ex is HttpException)) //ignore "file not found"
        {
            //Log error here
        }
    }
}

Global.asax.cs

public static void RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilterCollection filters)
{
    filters.Add(new log4netExceptionFilter()); //must be before HandleErrorAttribute
    filters.Add(new HandleErrorAttribute());
}

[Solved] MAVEN-COMPILER-PLUGIN Compile Error: FATAL ERROR: UNABLE TO FIND PACKAGE JAVA.LANG IN CLASSPATH OR BOOTCLASSPATH

When I used maven-compiler-plugin to add some environment variables, the codes is as following below. It was found that in the bootclasspath, two variables were separated by a semicolon, so an error was reported, as shown in the following figure.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>3.0</version>
    <configuration>
        <!-- 1.8 and 1.7 don't matter -->
        <source>1.7</source>
        <target>1.7</target>
        <compilerArguments>
            <!-- Do not write, only rt.jar by default -->
            <bootclasspath>${java.home}/lib/rt.jar;${java.home}/lib/jce.jar</bootclasspath>
        </compilerArguments>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

 

 

 

Solution

The replacement code is shown below, using ${path.separator}the semicolon instead. Because under windowsand linuxunder, need to use different delimiters. windowsUse a semicolon, linuxuse a colon.

 

<bootclasspath>${java.home}/lib/rt.jar${path.separator}${java.home}/lib/jce.jar</bootclasspath>

[Solved] Json.Net Error: Error getting value from ‘ScopeId’ on ‘System.Net.IPAddress’

The¬†IPAddress¬†class is not very friendly to serialization, as you’ve seen. Not only will it throw a¬†SocketException¬†if you try to access the¬†ScopeID¬†field for an IPv4 address, but it will also throw if you try to access the¬†Address¬†field directly for an IPv6 address.

To get around the exceptions, you will need a custom¬†JsonConverter. A converter allows you to tell Json.Net exactly how you’d like it to serialize and/or deserialize a particular type of object. For an¬†IPAddress, it seems the easiest way to get the data that satisfies everyone is simply to convert it to its string representation and back. We can do that in the converter. Here is how I would write it:

class IPAddressConverter : JsonConverter
{
    public override bool CanConvert(Type objectType)
    {
        return (objectType == typeof(IPAddress));
    }

    public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        writer.WriteValue(value.ToString());
    }

    public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        return IPAddress.Parse((string)reader.Value);
    }
}
Pretty straightforward, as these things go. But, this is not the end of the story. If you need to go round-trip with your IPEndPoint, then you will need a converter for it as well. Why? Because IPEndPoint does not contain a default constructor, so Json.Net will not know how to instantiate it. Fortunately, this converter is not difficult to write either:
class IPEndPointConverter : JsonConverter
{
    public override bool CanConvert(Type objectType)
    {
        return (objectType == typeof(IPEndPoint));
    }

    public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        IPEndPoint ep = (IPEndPoint)value;
        JObject jo = new JObject();
        jo.Add("Address", JToken.FromObject(ep.Address, serializer));
        jo.Add("Port", ep.Port);
        jo.WriteTo(writer);
    }

    public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        JObject jo = JObject.Load(reader);
        IPAddress address = jo["Address"].ToObject<IPAddress>(serializer);
        int port = (int)jo["Port"];
        return new IPEndPoint(address, port);
    }
}
So, now that we have the converters, how do we use them? Here is a simple example program that demonstrates. It first creates a couple of endpoints, serializes them to JSON using the custom converters, then immediately deserializes the JSON back into endpoints again using the same converters.
public class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        var endpoints = new IPEndPoint[]
        {
            new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse("8.8.4.4"), 53),
            new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse("2001:db8::ff00:42:8329"), 81)
        };

        var settings = new JsonSerializerSettings();
        settings.Converters.Add(new IPAddressConverter());
        settings.Converters.Add(new IPEndPointConverter());
        settings.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;

        string json = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(endpoints, settings);
        Console.WriteLine(json);

        var endpoints2 = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<IPEndPoint[]>(json, settings);

        foreach (IPEndPoint ep in endpoints2)
        {
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("AddressFamily: " + ep.AddressFamily);
            Console.WriteLine("Address: " + ep.Address);
            Console.WriteLine("Port: " + ep.Port);
        }
    }
}

Here is the output:

[
  {
    "Address": "8.8.4.4",
    "Port": 53
  },
  {
    "Address": "2001:db8::ff00:42:8329",
    "Port": 81
  }
]

AddressFamily: InterNetwork
Address: 8.8.4.4
Port: 53

AddressFamily: InterNetworkV6
Address: 2001:db8::ff00:42:8329
Port: 81

Fiddle: https://dotnetfiddle.net/tK7NKY

  • Code of¬†WriteJson¬†can be simplified using¬†JObject¬†too.¬†
  • Performance impact of¬†WriteJson¬†and¬†ReadJson¬†can be improved by using the writer and reader objects, avoiding¬†JObject¬†allocation. I have submitted an edit to this very useful answer.¬†

[olved] flume Install Error: Could not find or load main class org.apache.flume.tools.GetJavaProperty

Problems with flume installation:

Error: Could not find or load main class org.apache.flume.tools.GetJavaProperty
Error: Could not find or load main class org.apache.flume.tools.GetJavaProperty
Error: Could not find or load main class org.apache.flume.tools.VersionInfo

 

Solution:

1. Check your own configuration path:

sudo vim /etc/profile

 

 

source /etc/profile

run again:

2. Flume and hive conflict

Solution:
Modify the Hbase configuration file hbas-env.sh to:
1. Comment out the line configuration of hbase.env.sh of hbase
# Extra Java CLASSPATH elements. Optional.
#export HBASE_CLASSPATH=/home/hadoop/hbase/ conf
2 , or change HBASE_CLASSPATH to JAVA_CLASSPATH, the configuration is as follows
# Extra Java CLASSPATH elements. Optional.
export JAVA_CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar