PHP FPM and Nginx start normally, page 502 Error [How to Solve]

PHP FPM and nginx are started normally, and page 502 is solved

Background: for the newly installed system, after manually installing PHP, nginx and PHP FPM modules, deploy a PHP project locally. When running, it is found that only nginx version page displays 502

The troubleshooting process is as follows, which is briefly recorded:

Check the startup of PHP FPM and nginx:

# Check if php-fpm and nginx are up
ps -ef|grep php-fpm
ps -ef|grep nginx

The result is: both are up and running

View the nginx log information at the time of the request:

# First, we looked at the location of the nginx runtime logs.
find/-name nginx.conf # Find the nginx configuration file and see where the error.log is stored
# View the error.log information as follows.
*58 connect() failed (111: Connection refused) while connecting to upstream

Troubleshooting results:

PHP FPM and nginx are all started normally, so it is not the reason why PHP FPM is not started. Continue to check and find that:

There are two ways to link nginx and php.
1. fastcgi_pass;
2. fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;

You have to go to the php fpm configuration file to see how this works

If Listen is the port, write;
If it's a path, the nginx configuration file should learn the path as well.unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;

Perfect solution: check the www.conf configuration file, and the path is after listen, so modify the nginx configuration file of the project:

### # fastcgi_pass;  # Comment out this port and replace it with the following path format
fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock; # fastcgi_pass to the address of phm.sock on the local machine

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